Law Office of David Miklas, P.A.

management labor & Employment law - 1-772-465-5111

Continued push for Florida to specifically protect individuals from employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity

Arlene Goldberg is a Florida LGBT advocate from Fort Myers, Florida who sued the state of Florida to recognize her wedding to another woman.  She had the first same-sex marriage to be recognized by the state of Florida, and she has continued to advocate rights for same-sex couples.

In 2017 she joined the Equality March to support equality for the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community.  2017 also marks the anniversary of the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando where 49 victims were killed and others injured. Many of the victims were LGBT Hispanic young people.  

Ms. Goldberg worked as an employee of Lee County government. Lee County, Florida includes Cape Coral, Fort Myers, Bonita Springs, Sanibel, Fort Myers Beach, and Estero.

Ms. Goldberg feels that LGBT-inclusive workplace policies are important and she pushed for her local county (Lee County) to include LGBTQ protections among its nondiscrimination protections.  However, during the summer 2017 the Lee County Commissioners voted against expanding protections.  LGBT advocates have pushed local counties and cities in Florida to provide LGBT protections in relation to employment discrimination.  This is because currently no Florida statute exists which specifically prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of LGBT status.  Title VII does not specifically mention sexual orientation as a suspect classification and courts construing Title VII have generally refused to extend the federal law to a LGBT claimant.  However, the EEOC has been actively trying to change this view and some courts have been interpreting Title VII of the Civil Rights Act to include protections in some circumstances to cover sexual orientation and gender identity.

Ms. Goldberg is pleased that the City of Cape Coral voluntarily has chosen to provide LGBT protections even though it is not required under federal or state law.

Ms. Goldberg focuses her LGBT efforts in Southwest Florida, and her notoriety may very well result in more of a patchwork of protections in the LGBT community across Florida.  At this point in time, Florida employers and businesses should consult an experienced labor & Employment law firm before they take any adverse action in relation to an employee based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Some examples (not exclusive) of cities and counties in Florida with non-discrimination ordinances that include gender identity are:

  • City of Atlantic Beach
  •  Alachua County
  • Broward County
  • City of Gainesville
  • City of Gulfport
  • City of Key West
  • City of Lake Worth
  • Leon County
  • City of Miami Beach
  • Miami-Dade County
  • Monroe County
  • Palm Beach County
  • Pinellas County
  • City of Orlando,
  • City of Tampa,
  • Volusia County
  • City of West Palm Beach.


Florida employers are cautioned that cities and counties can enact these ordinances at any time, so the above list should not be taken as accurate.  In fact, before our law office gives any advice, we have to check the specific county and city in which a business operates in Florida to specifically check whether an ordinance applies.  The reason that this is important is because sometimes these ordinances apply to employers with fewer than 15 employees (the standard number for Title VII coverage).


If you need any assistance in this area, please email or call the Law Office of David Miklas, P.A. at 1-772-465-5111.

You can read more of our employment law articles on our legal updates page.

If you know a Florida business owner or Florida human resources professional who would benefit from this article, please share it with one click to social media or email.